The Monty Hall Problem
The Monty Hall Problem gets its name from the TV game show, "Let's Make A Deal," hosted by Monty Hall. The problem is stated below.
QUESTION : To maximize the chances of winning a real prize, should you keep your choice or switch (or does it matter)?
NOTE: This isn't really how the actual game show worked. This problem gets its name from the show, because it inspired the problem.
The problem is interesting because most people believe that after Monty shows a losing door, the two remaining unopened doors (whether chosen or not) each have a fifty-fifty chance of being a winning door. One with a real prize, the other with a joke prize. Most people are surprised that this is not the case.
At this time you can choose one of the links below. The applet is a simulation of this problem.