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Comparing Then and Now

This modelling the tools is incorporated into critical challenges at grade 4, however, it can be adapted for use at all grade levels.



The Modelling the Tools lessons can be used for a range of grade levels. This chart contains the learner outcomes for Grade 4. When using this lesson with other grades, check the current program of studies for grade level outcomes.

Criteria for Evaluation
Students provide evidence of their learning as they:

Related Learner Outcomes

  • access and retrieve information

Specific Outcome

  • Students will recognize how stories of people and events provide multiple perspectives on past and present events

Specific Outcome

  • Students will recognize oral traditions, narratives and stories as valid sources of knowledge about the land, culture and history

Specific Outcome 4.S.2.1

  • Students will use photographs and interviews to make meaning of historical information
  • draw and support conclusions

Specific Outcome 4.S.7.4

  • Students will draw and support conclusions, based on information gathered, to answer a research question
  • re-evaluate opinions

Specific Outcome 4.S.1.3

  • Students will re-evaluate opinions to broaden understanding of a topic or an issue
  • communicate information

Specific Outcome 4.S.8.6

  • Students will communicate effectively through appropriate forms, such as speeches, reports and multimedia presentations, applying information technologies that serve particular audiences and purposes

Assessment for Learning (Formative)
Formative assessment provides opportunities for students to receive feedback. Formative feedback is used solely to help students improve their performance.

The checklist in Peer Coaching Feedback: Communicating Effectively in a Letter provides an opportunity for students to consider criteria for an effective presentation and based on feedback, improve their work before submitting their final assignment for grading.

Assessment of Learning (Summative)
Summative assessment takes place after instruction and after students have had a chance to practise and receive feedback on their work. Summative assessment provides an opportunity for students to demonstrate what they know and can do.

The Student Self-reflection: Better or Worse? provides an opportunity for students to demonstrate their understanding of the skills of making inferences and re-evaluating opinions. This tool can help students do a more thorough job of making inferences as well as provide teachers with additional evidence of student learning to use when evaluating students.

 The Rubric for Comparing Then and Now can be used to evaluate student performance on the culminating student task.

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Last updated: July 1, 2014 | (Revision History)
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