Communicative Competence by Strand – Speaking

Speaking is a vital component of language learning that incorporates verbal communication elements such as intonation, timing, inflection, speed, rhythm and pausing, as well as nonverbal elements to support verbal communication, such as gesturing and facial expressions.

Linguistic Competence

Knowing the basic sounds of letters and syllables, pronunciation of words, intonation and stress.  It is understanding and applying the rules of word formation and sentence formation.

Strategic Competence

Strategic speakers master talk techniques using a range of speaking strategies such as paraphrasing, redirecting, clarifying, sustaining, stalling and avoiding.

Socio-linguistic Competence

A speaker uses appropriate language in order to apologize, compliment, (dis)agree, summarize, and persuade.  There is knowledge of context and speech is adjusted accordingly; e.g., formal, informal, neutral.

Discourse Competence

Student is able to demonstrate relationships of ideas such as time, cause and effect, contrast and emphasis.




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